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The analytical structure of the syllable

This section is a translation of a section presenting the Romanian syllables from Toma Ion, Limba română, Ed. Niculescu, Bucureşti, 1994

"The analytical structure of the syllable is derived from possible combinations between the vocalic and consonantal segments. In the Romanian language, the syllables formed only by vocalic segments are seldom, containing a vowel, a diphthong or a triphthong. However, the vocalic segments can form words by themselves ( ea , oaie , aia etc.)
The majority of the syllables result from the association of consonantal and vocalic segments. The possible combinations in the Romanian language are:
  • cv (ca-să)
  • vc (an, el)
  • cvc (cap, var)
  • ccv (pro, gri, flu)
  • vcc (alb, uns)
  • cvcc (post, cant)
  • ccvc (prag, vrac, praf)
  • ccvv (clei)
  • cccv (stră-in, strai)
  • cvccc (carst, vârst-nic)
  • cccvc (scrin, splen-did)
  • cccvcc (strâmt, strâmb, strung)
The maximum number of consonants in a syllable is 5, and the maximum number of adjoined consonants is 3. When there are 2-3 nearby consonants, at least one of them must be a fricative, a liquid or a vibrating consonant, in order to allow, in one way or another, the air circulation. "

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